Weather and climate are words that are often used in meteorology, but from hearing them so much some people have come to believe that they both refer to the same thing, which is a big mistake; since they refer to two things that, although they are related, are very different. Difference Between Climate and Weather
WEATHER Difference Between Climate and Weather
Weather refers to the state or atmospheric conditions for a short period of time, it changes from day to day and its prediction must be made continuously, in order to determine any sudden changes.
Depending on the location, the weather changes can occur from hour to hour or from season to season. The components of weather are: sun, rain, cloud cover, winds, hail, snow, freezing rain, floods, electrical storms, cold front, warm front/
An example of something that would constitute “weather” would be a sudden rain shower on a hot, sunny day. The weather is affected by the differences in air pressure that occur in one place and another. Pressure and temperature differences can also occur due to the angle at which the earth is receiving the sun’s rays.
Weather also includes natural disasters, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, typhoons. Although these are rare, they are considered as a change in a short period of time.
Meteorological phenomena occur in the troposphere, the lowest level of the atmosphere. Time is also very important in the process of formation of the Earth through erosion, wear and tear of the soil segments. Currently, the weather can be predicted quite accurately thanks to science and technology, which give us the opportunity to know the changes and conditions that occur in a certain place and thus predict the meteorological conditions.
Climate refers to the average environmental conditions that are expected in a place over an extended period of time, which in many cases lasts for years. In short, climate is defined as the temporary conditions that exist in a place for several years.
For example, if a place is quite hot or dry , the climate of that area is said to be like this; as long as these characteristics remain in that way in that place for a long time.
Scientists claim that the Earth’s climate system includes five main components: the atmosphere , the hydrosphere , the cryosphere , the Earth’s surface, and the biosphere .
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ( IPCC) defines in its glossary the word “climate” as the average weather, or more strictly, as the statistical description in terms of the mean and variability of the relevant quantities during a period that It varies from months, thousands and even millions of years.
According to the World Meteorological Organization ( WMO), the classical period is about 30 years. Throughout this period climate changes can be seen, however these changes occur slowly.
For example, the climatic changes that occur due to global warming and the melting of glaciers , which is causing snow to fall in places where it did not fall before.
Finally, the climate of a place is affected by its latitude, terrain and altitude; as well as the nearby water bodies and their currents. Climate change is measured and determined by the statistics of temperature, humidity , atmospheric pressure, wind , precipitation, particle count atmospheric and other measurements weather elementary .
Difference between time and weather
- Climate refers to the average conditions that are maintained over a long period of time in an area, while weather is the state or conditions of the atmosphere over a short period of time.