What is the Difference Between HTML and CSS? with Proper Definition and Brief Explanation

The main difference between them is that HTML is a markup language that is used to create the structure of a web page while CSS is a styling language that is used to make web pages more presentable.

HTML is a text-based approach to describing how content on a web page is structured. Based on the tags in the HTML file, the web browser displays the text, content, tables, lists, and other elements. CSS is a styling language used to describe the appearance and formatting of a document written in markup language. There is another language called JavaScript which is a client side scripting language. It is used to make the web page dynamic. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are considered as the top three basic languages ​​for web development.

Key Areas Covered

1. What is HTML?
     – Definition, Functionality
2. What is CSS?
     – Definition, Functionality
3. What is the difference between HTML and CSS?
     – Comparison of key differences

Key terms

CSS, HTML, JavaScript

what is html

HTML is used to create the structure of the web page. It is made up of labels. There are several versions of HTML such as HTML1, 2, etc. The latest version is HTML 5. It consists of additional features like SVG, Geolocation, native audio and video support. A web page developed with only HTML is a static web page. The programmer can easily create an HTML file with notepad, and can run it in a web browser.

The HTML file begins with the document type declaration. Specifies the version of HTML. So the document starts with and ends with . There are two sections in the HTML page. They are called head and body section. The main section contains the details of the file, such as the title and metadata. The tags to make the web page content visible are placed within the body section. There are tags for headings, paragraphs, tables, lists, etc.

what is CSS

CSS is a layout language that is used to make web pages more presentable. It is written within HTML and is used to add designs like adding colors, changing fonts and texts, etc. It is also possible to add features like gradients, shadows, 2D, 3D transforms, borders, etc. CSS can be added with HTML inline, or it can be added as an outer tag. CSS declarations have two sections called property and value, which are separated by colons.

There are several versions of CSS. CSS 1 is the oldest version and is a simple visual formatting model for all HTML tags. CSS 2 contains additional features, such as element positioning, downloadable fonts, which are more media-specific styles. The most recent version is CSS3. It has selectors, model boxes, backgrounds, borders, transformations, etc.

Key Differences

Definition

HTML is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications. CSS is a style sheet language used to describe the presentation of documents written in a markup language such as HTML. Thus, this explains the basic difference between them.

Full Form

Hypertext Markup Language is the full form of HTML, while Cascading Style Sheet is the full form of CSS.

Consists In

Another difference between them is that HTML consists of tags that surround the content while CSS consists of selectors followed by a declaration block.

Association

Also, another difference between them is that CSS can be used in HTML files while HTML cannot be used in CSS files.

Use

There is also a difference between them based on their usage. HTML is used to build the structure of the web page while CSS is used to make the web page more presentable.

Conclusion

HTML and CSS are two main languages ​​commonly used for web development. The difference between HTML and CSS is that HTML is a markup language that is used to create the structure of a web page while CSS is a styling language that is used to make web pages more presentable.

Reference:

1. “HTML Overview.” Www.tutorialspoint.com, Tutorials Point, available here.
2. “What Is CSS.” Www.tutorialspoint.com, Tutorials Point, available here.

Courtesy image:

1. “HTML5 logo and markup” By W3C (CC BY 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia
2. “CSS.3” By Nikotaf – Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia

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