Angiosperm and Gymnosperm difference

The plants and flowers are not only cute, but also interesting; but despite all this there are still many things that we ignore about them.  Angiosperm and Gymnosperm difference

If you like Botany or are looking for a little more information about what is the difference between angiosperm and gynosperm, keep reading because we will explain it to you below.

ANGIOSPERMS  Angiosperm and Gymnosperm difference

Also known as flowering plants, they are those plants whose seeds are found in the ovaries (usually fruits).

The life cycle of these plants is seasonal, that is, it depends on each of the seasons of the year. They die in the fall and are reborn in the spring.

On the other hand, the tissue of angiosperms is triploid, which means that the endosperm is produced during a triple fusion.

In this case, the reproductive system is present in the flowers, which can be unisexual or bisexual. The leaves of this type of plant are flat and the wood is hard.

A large number of plants with these characteristics are used as food, but also to create medicines and in the manufacture of clothing.

Some examples of angiosperms are: lilies, orchids, agave, some roses, sunflowers …


In this case, the seeds are not enclosed in the fruits, but appear “naked” on the leaves, scales or as cones.

Regarding the life cycle, unlike angiosperms, gynosperms are not seasonal plants but perennials. Tissue cells are haploid (the endosperm occurs before fertilization) and the reproductive system is unisexual and cones (not flowers).

Gynosperm leaves are not flat, but scaled or pointed. The wood is not hard, but soft; and in most cases they are used to make paper and other things.

Some examples of gynosperms are: spruce, pine and fir.

Key differences between gynosperms and angiosperms

  • Angiosperms show their seeds embedded in fruits, while gynosperms show their seeds.
  • Instead of flowers, gynosperms usually have cones.
  • The leaves of angiosperms are flat, while those of gynosperms are usually pointed or scaled.

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