Deoxyribose and ribose in tabular form

Ribose and deoxyribose are monosaccharides or simple sugars. They are aldopentoses and undergo phosphorylation to form deoxyribonucleotides and ribonucleotides. They are of great biological importance that help in the formation of the model of an organism that is transmitted from generation to generation. deoxyribose and ribose in tabular form

Nucleotides act as the building blocks of nucleic acids and help them carry genetic information. The pentose sugar for RNA is ribose with 5 carbon atoms. The pentose sugar for DNA is deoxyribose.

Ribose was discovered by Emil Fischer in 1891. Deoxyribose was discovered by Phoebus Levine in 1929. Below are some differences between deoxyribose and ribose based on structure, IUPAC name, molar mass, formula chemistry, etc.

Deoxyribose vs Ribose deoxyribose and ribose in tabular form

Here is a comparative table with the main differences between deoxyribose and ribose:

Deoxyribose Ribose
Chemical formula
C5H10O4 C5H10O5
IUPAC name
2-deoxy-D-ribose
(2S, 3R, 4S, 5R) -5- (hydroxymethyl) oxolane-2,3,4-triol
Structure
Has a hydroxyl group (OH) at position 2
Has a hydrogen atom (H) in position 2
Molar mass
134.13 g / mol 150.13 g / mol
Also know as
2-deoxy-D-erythro-pentose D-Ribose
Discovery
1929 by Phoebus Levine 1891 Emil Fischer
Found in
DNA RNA

What is deoxyribose?

Deoxyribose is an aldopentose sugar with an aldehyde group attached to it. This helps the enzymes present in the living body to differentiate between ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid.

Deoxyribose products have an important role in biology. DNA is the main source of genetic information in all forms of life. DNA nucleotides comprise bases like adenine, thiamine, guanine, cytosine.

What is ribose? deoxyribose and ribose in tabular form

Ribose is a pentose sugar with an aldehyde group attached to the end of the chain in open form. The combination of ribose sugar and nitrogen base forms ribonucleotide. This ribonucleotide when it is united to the phosphate group gives rise to a ribonucleotide.

It is a regular monosaccharide with an oxygen attached to each carbon atom. The ribose sugar is found in the RNA of living organisms. RNA is responsible for encoding and decoding genetic information.

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