The Greek architecture is delineated by three main styles: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. These three styles have several distinctive elements ; However, the most recognizable distinctions are found in the columns. Difference b/w Ionic and Doric Architecture
Each column is made up of a base, a central axis and a capital. The columns support the entablature, which includes the frieze. The entablature in turn supports the triangular pediment, that is, the roof.
Next, we will explain to you what is the difference between two of the most popular Greek architectural styles: the Ionic order and the Doric order.
DORIC Difference b/w Ionic and Doric Architecture
The Doric style in the columns is the oldest and of the three types that we mentioned before, it is the simplest.
Doric columns were mainly predominant during the 7th and 5th centuries BC. This style developed in western Greece.
A distinctive feature of Doric order columns is the fact that they have no foundation. They are short, robust and heavy. The height is only four to eight times the diameter of the column. Its axis is fluted, generally with 20 flutes, while the capital is simple and flared.
This type of column is characterized above all by its simplicity and its lack of decorative elements. The entablature is divided into three horizontal registers. The lower part is smooth or divided by horizontal lines. The frieze is divided into triglyphs and metopes. A triglyph is a unit consisting of three vertical stripes that are separated by grooves. the metopes are flat or with carved reliefs.
The Ionic order originated in eastern Greece, around the 6th century BC. The c Ionic alumna’s usually the highest and thin of the three types.
The main distinguishing feature of the Ionic column are the volutes at the top. These are often called scrolls.
The Ionic columns feature thin, fluted pillars with a large base and two opposing scrolls (scrolls) on the capital. The Ionic axis has 24 flutes, compared to 20 in the Doric column. The shaft tends to be thin at the top and wider at the bottom. The height of the shaft is generally eight diameters.
The architrave of the Ionic entablature consists of three stepped bands called fasciae. Compared to the columns of the Doric order, the Ionic frieze does not have the triglyph and metope. On the other hand, the frieze of the Ionic order usually has continuous ornaments , such as figures carved in bas-relief; related to historical events or myths.
Key differences between Doric and Ionian architecture
- Doric architecture is older and simpler than Ionian.
- Ionic architecture contains more ornamental elements than Doric.