Natural resources are of great importance to humans and other creatures. In general terms, they are categorized into two groups: renewable and non-renewable. Difference b/w Renewable and Non-Renewable Recourses
All resources, both renewable and non-renewable, are especially used by people and if one day they were to be lacking, our life would probably not be as comfortable as it can be while we make use of them. Hence the need for them not to be misused or wasted.
RENEWABLE RESOURCES Difference b/w Renewable and Non-Renewable Recourses
Renewable resources are those that are never depleted, since they can be restored through natural processes; at a faster rate than they are consumed. For example, trees are renewable; because even if you cut them, they can easily grow back.
Air, water, animals … are also renewable resources. Of these, the first two are renewed in cycles. But something very important to take into account is that even if they are renewed, we cannot exceed their use, we must handle them carefully so that we do not spend them at a faster rate than they are renewed and we must face a shortage of them.
In other words, renewable resources can be replaced; s however, if the consumption rate becomes greater than the rate of renewal, sustainability will be affected.
Just as there are resources, there are also renewable energies; some examples that many of us know and that we can mention are: solar energy , wind energy, hydroelectric energy; among other.
In short, renewable resources are all those that can be renewed or replaced by nature or human activity itself.
On the other hand, non-renewable resources include fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas. There will come a time when these resources will be completely exhausted after being used.
These resources come directly from the earth. They are usually divided into two groups: fossil fuels and nuclear fuels. Those that are included among the fossils we have already mentioned, but among the nuclear ones are those that have to do with the mining or refining of minerals such as uranium.
Nuclear fuels are considered the best and cleanest of the non-renewable resources. Fossil fuels can take millions of years to form again.
Non-renewable resources have a fixed amount and are consumed before being replaced or made by nature. This is the main characteristic that differentiates them from renewables.
In conclusion, much emphasis is currently being placed on the reuse and recycling of resources; to guarantee their availability for as long as possible.
Renewable resources are generally clean and cheap (although at first it takes a lot of money to exploit them); therefore, they are very good to handle and do not cause harm to the environment. But non-renewable resources, although they are known for their efficiency; Since they are capable of producing a large amount of energy in a short amount of time, they can be more expensive in the long run and cause some environmental damage.
Disadvantages of renewable resources include that they are not as efficient as non-renewables in the context of energy production, and are too expensive at first.
On the other hand, the biggest disadvantage of non-renewable resources seems obvious (they are not renewed) and they eventually run out; Furthermore, they are not very clean and pose many dangers to the environment.
It is important to mention that 95% of the energy in the world derives from non-renewable resources.
Key differences between renewable and non-renewable resources
- Renewable resources can be replaced or reused, therefore, they do not disappear; whereas the non-renewable ones cannot be replaced and in the end they are exhausted.
- Examples of renewable resources: water, crops, wind energy, geothermal energy, air and solar energy.
- Examples of non-renewable resources: coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear fuels.
Advantages of renewable resources
- Operating costs are low.
- They are available in generous quantities.
Advantages of non-renewable resources
- They are relatively cheap.
- Very efficient.
- They produce a lot of energy in a short time.
Disadvantages of renewable resources
- They are not very efficient in producing energy on a massive scale.
- They are excessively expensive in the beginning. (At the time of exploiting them).
- They can be noisy.
Disadvantages of non-renewable resources
- In the end they will disappear.
- They are not clean.
- They threaten the environment.