Difference between Alcohol and Liquor

In modern terminology, the word “alcohol” is always used to refer to alcoholic beverages; However, it is good to know that this concept is not limited to just that. Alcohol is an organic chemical compound that encompasses more than just drinks.  Difference between Alcohol and Liquor

To clarify any doubts you may have in this regard, below we explain what the difference between liquor and alcohol is.

ALCOHOL  Difference between Alcohol and Liquor

Alcohol is a substance that has a chemical composition in which the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is attached to a carbon atom. There are several types of alcohol, including acyclic alcohols, ethanol, methanol, isopropyl alcohol …

At room temperature, alcohol is a clear liquid that is less dense in nature and evaporates easily. It dissolves easily in water and is highly flammable. In the context of beverages, alcohol cannot be ingested in its pure form; as it can be highly dangerous and poisonous. It could even induce a coma or cause death in humans.

Alcohol can be created by three different methods: fermentation of fruits or grains; chemical modification of fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas, or coal; or by a combination of hydrogen with carbon monoxide.

This substance has several uses; It can be used as an antifreeze, antiseptic, fuel, preservative and solvent.


An alcoholic beverage is a beverage that contains ethyl alcohol (ethanol). Ethanol works as a psychoactive drug and is one of the oldest recreational drugs known to man. It is responsible for the state of alcohol intoxication in humans.

Alcoholic beverages are made by a method of fermenting grains, fruits, or vegetables. There are four main types of these drinks: beer, wine, cider, and liquor.

Liquor is a distilled alcoholic beverage. It is generally sweet and is produced by distillation or infusion of fermented cereals, fruits, woods, flowers …

There are several types of liqueurs, among which we can mention: rum, gin, vodka, whiskey, brandy … The term ‘liquor’ comes from the Latin word ‘liquere’ which means ‘to be liquid’ .

Liquors, primarily brandy and whiskey, were developed around the 12th and 13th centuries in parts of Europe and Asia; for medicinal purposes. Generally, spirits have the highest level of ethanol concentration among the different types of alcoholic beverages.


Ethanol concentration (by volume) of various types of alcoholic beverages:

  1. Beer = 4% to 6% (average of 4.5%).
  2. Wine = 7% to 15% (average 11%).
  3. Champagne = 8% to 14% (average 12%).
  4. Spirits (for example, rum, gin, vodka, whiskey) = 40% to 95%. Most typical examples purchased from liquor stores are 40% alcohol. Some highly concentrated forms of rum and whiskey (which can be as high as 75% to 90% alcohol) are available from specialty liquor stores.

The high degree of alcohol (g / L = grams per liter of blood) can be responsible for the following effects:

Euphoria (0.30% to 0.59%).

Emotion (0, 60% to 0, 99%).

Confusion (1.00% to 1.99%).

Stupor (0.25% to 0.4%).

Eat (3.00% to 3.99%).

Death (5.00% or more).

Key differences between alcohol and liquor

  1. Alcohol is a chemical substance that results from the combination of hydroxyl (-OH) and carbon, while liquor is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage that is generally sweet and contains high degrees of alcohol.

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