Difference between Alzheimer’s and Dementia

Both diseases are commonly seen in the elderly, and both Alzheimer’s and dementia impair cognitive functions. Some studies have shown that Alzheimer’s is one of the main causes of dementia and that both diseases not only cause damage to memory, but also to other cognitive functions. Next I will explain the differences between them, highlighting its characteristics, the various types, the symptoms and the main causes.  Difference between Alzheimer’s and Dementia

ALZHEIMER’S  Difference between Alzheimer’s and Dementia

Alzheimer’s disease has no cure and it worsens over time, progressively damaging various cognitive functions. The onset and the way in which this disease progresses is usually unique for each patient and at the moment the true cause of this disease has been found, although some hypotheses indicate that it could be due to the formation of plaques in the brain and neuronal tangles . People with Alzheimer’s lose memories of recent events and over time a lot of confusion arises, the mood becomes unstable, irritability, aggressive behavior, problems with speech and understanding often appear. Little by little the functions of the body deteriorate and it is very difficult to predict the life expectancy of a patient due to individual differences.

In many people, Alzheimer’s disease runs its course undetected. After diagnosis they usually live for about seven years, although a small percentage can live up to fourteen years after diagnosis. The available treatment options are not curative, as they only relieve symptoms. A caregiver is necessary in the management of Alzheimer’s disease.


Dementia presents a deterioration of all the cognitive functions of the brain, beyond the normal aging process. Dementia is a set of symptoms that can be progressive (the most common) or static, as a result of the degeneration of the cerebral cortex, which controls higher brain functions. implies an alteration of memory, thinking, language, orientation and understanding of learning. These are accompanied by problems with the control of emotions and behavior. This disease is more common among the elderly.

Key differences between Alzheimer’s and dementia :

  1. The cure for dementia depends on the cause, whereas Alzheimer’s is incurable and worsens over time.
  2. Alzheimer’s disease usually begins with short-term memory loss, while dementia often manifests itself in a variety of ways.
  3. The main symptom of Alzheimer’s is memory loss, while dementia can present itself in many forms depending on the type.

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