Difference Between Communism and Democracy

Communism and democracy are two different ideologies that have made a great impact on the world. Communism can be termed as a socioeconomic structure that represents the establishment of a classless, egalitarian and stateless society. Democracy is a political system of government, carried out by the people directly or through elected representatives. Difference Between Communism and Democracy

COMMUNISM  Difference Between Communism and Democracy

Communism is a political ideology that is based on a common property, it is primarily concerned with equality and fairness. In communism, power is wielded by a group of people who decide the course of action. This is the group of people who decide on the activities of citizens. These groups of people can intervene in the public life of others. On the other hand, democracy, which is also synonymous with equality in society, is governed by a group of elected people. Democracy is a government of the people and elected representatives are obliged to fulfill the wishes of society.

A big difference observed between democracy and communism is in economic systems. In communism, the government has full control over the production and distribution of goods and all resources are shared equally in society. But in democracy, this is not the case.

In communism, it is the community or society that possesses the greatest resources and production. This helps prevent a single person or a group of them rising to a higher position than others or becoming wealthy. But in democracy, free entrepreneurship is allowed, which means that individuals or groups can run their own businesses. This leads to rich and poor people within this society.


There are no specific principles that define democracy. But it is based on the principle of equality and freedom. It is also based on the principle that all citizens have the same rights. Another principle that defines democracy is that citizens have certain freedoms and they are protected by the Constitution.

In communism private property is not allowed, while in communism it is.

Key differences between democracy and communism

  • Communism proposes a classless and stateless society, while in democracy the government is elected and there are different social classes.
  • In democracy private property is allowed, but in communism it is the government that controls the distribution of goods and there is no private property.

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