The Ebola and dengue fever are two serious diseases that are affecting the current human population. They are more common in third world countries, where populations often survive in environments with poor hygiene, lack of clean water and polluted air. However, people with better living conditions should avoid making the mistake of believing that they cannot be affected by any of these ills.
An outbreak of these diseases spreads rapidly both nationally and internationally, which is why it is so important to know what their symptoms, causes and differences are; since no one is completely safe.
EBOLA Difference Between Dengue and Ebola
Ebola is much more deadly than Dengue. This virus is named for the Ebola River, one of the sites where the initial outbreak occurred. This disease kills between 25% to 90% of infected people.
Ebola is spread primarily through contact with blood or other body fluids from infected humans or animals. It can also be spread through semen or breast milk, weeks after recovery.
African fruit bats are generally believed to be the ‘natural carriers’ of the disease and to be capable of transmitting it without being affected by it. Commonly, humans contract it by coming into contact with fruit bats or some person or animal, living or dead, that has been infected.
Ebola was discovered in 1976. The first reported outbreak was in areas of Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The worst outbreak of this disease is currently taking place.
Ebola symptoms start out somewhat similar to Dengue symptoms in the early stages, but differ later on. From the first two or three days, after having contact with the virus, the patient may show symptoms such as fever, sore throat, muscle aches and headaches. This escalates and then comes vomiting, diarrhea, and a rash, as well as impaired kidney and liver function. In some cases, patients have both internal and external bleeding, suppuration of the gums, and blood in the stool. Eventually this culminates in death between six and sixteen days after contracting the disease.
Less than 5% of people infected with Dengue Fever, also known as Bearded Vulture, are at risk of dying.
This disease is mainly transmitted through the bite of a mosquito, which is the most common way to spread. However, a person can also contract the disease through blood transfusions and organ transfers. Also, a mender can pass the disease on to its unborn fetus.
It was discovered in the 18th century. Although its viral cause and the way it is transmitted was discovered at the beginning of the 20th century. The casos reported dengue have been increasing dramatically since the 1960s.
The most common symptoms are fever, headache, muscle and joint pain… In the case of this disease, a skin rash similar to measles may also occur. Mess than 5% of cases go on to become hemorrhagic, which can be fatal. The Hemorrhagic Fever Dengue cause bleeding, low platelet count, blood plasma outlet, among other problems.
Finally, although every effort is made to treat both diseases, a vaccine has not yet been developed for either.
Key differences between Ebola and Dengue
- Ebola is more deadly than Dengue.
- Dengue is transmitted mainly through the bite of a mosquito, while Ebola is spread with the slightest contact with an infected person or animal.
Dengue incubation period: 3 to 14 days.
Ebola incubation period : 2 to 21 days.
Dengue Symptoms: fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, measles-like rash. Hemorrhagic Dengue: high fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, bleeding, and shortness of breath.
Ebola symptoms: fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headache and throat pain, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, kidney and liver deterioration, internal and external bleeding.
Dengue Treatment: oral and intravenous rehydration. Treatment for symptoms (Tylenol for fever). Avoid aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen.
Treatment for Ebola: oral and intravenous rehydration. Acetaminophen (never take aspirin in diseases where there is a risk of bleeding).