Difference between Extended Family and Nuclear Family

The family is considered the nucleus of society , for this reason, it is not surprising that family relationships are so important to people. From an early age, children are taught the importance of a family and the role they are expected to play in it. Difference between Extended Family and Nuclear Family

Traditionally, girls are educated in one way and boys in another; all this with the aim that the roles of each person are well defined. However, these differences in raising children vary according to the type of family in which we live. In this article we focus primarily on two families: the extended or joint family and the nuclear family.

If you have doubts about the difference between nuclear family and extended family or are simply looking for a little more information to complement what you already know, then continue reading, because below we explain everything you need to know around this interesting topic.


As its name suggests, the extended family is one in which other relatives are integrated in addition to parents and siblings. In this case, grandparents, cousins, uncles, and sometimes even great-grandparents are included. They are families made up of a large number of members.

The extended family is more common in rural areas , and has the advantage that the little ones are cared for not only by their parents, but also by a large number of relatives.

Tribes, small towns, groups of people, and small units of civilization are the predecessors of extended families. These are still popular in Latin America, India, China, some African nations, and certain Arab regions.


On the other hand, the nuclear family consists solely of parents and children. Nuclear families are small, since they only integrate the closest relatives.

Finally, contrary to the extended family, the nuclear family is more common among the inhabitants of urban areas; hence it is so common in Europe and the United States. Be that as it may, great importance is attached to the family, but traditional cultures suggest living in extended families; however, since so many people tend to move to cities, the nuclear family model is becoming the most common around the world.

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