The terms ‘homogeneous’ and ‘heterogeneous’ are words commonly used in chemistry to refer to solutions and mixtures. Any type of mixture can be classified as homogeneous or heterogeneous and below we will tell you why and how they differ. Difference between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous
HOMOGENEOUS Difference between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous
Homogeneous refers to the solution that results from a completely uniform mixture of two or more elements. In a homogeneous mixture, all the elements come together to the point where it becomes difficult to distinguish one from the other.
The main characteristic of a homogeneous mixture is that if it is divided, then there are equal amounts of all the substances that have been added and make it up.
For example: if water and salt are mixed and then divided into two glasses, each glass would have the same amount of material. Metals, ceramics and plastics fall into the homogeneous mix category.
Homogeneous mixtures are called solutions. Once a solution is created, it cannot be separated by mechanical means. Other examples of homogeneous mixtures: Air, water and alcohol, water and sugar.
It refers to combinations that are not totally uniform and in many cases are clearly visible when “mixed”. When it is heterogeneous, although all the components are put into the same container, they do not mix to the point where they resemble a solution.
The materials used in a heterogeneous mixture have different structures and compositions, however, in some cases the different components may appear completely mixed to the naked eye; but seen under the microscope it can be confirmed that it is not.
If a heterogeneous mixture were divided in two, an unequal amount of all the substances that compose it would remain. Examples of heterogeneous mixtures: sand, rocks and water, water and oil. If water and sand are placed in a container, the latter sinks to the bottom.
In conclusion, homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures are totally opposite.