What is the Difference Between HTML and HTML5? with Proper Definition and Brief Explanation

The main difference between HTML and HTML5 is that HTML is a standard markup language for creating web pages while HTML5 is a newer version of HTML with additional features like web sockets, canvas, and geolocation.

There are millions of web pages available on the WWW. HTML, which stands for Hypertext Markup Language, describes how the content on a web page is structured. It is the base language for all other web technologies, including CSS libraries, JavaScript, JavaScript like jQuery, etc. On the other hand, HTML5 is the latest version of HTML. It is compatible with most web browsers and provides additional features than normal HTML.

Key Areas Covered

1. What is HTML?
     – Definition, Functionality
2. What is HTML5?
     – Definition, Functionality, Characteristics.
3. What is the relationship between HTML and HTML5?
     – Association scheme
4. What is the difference between HTML and HTML5?
     – Comparison of key differences

Key terms

HTML, HTML5

what is html

HTML is a markup language for creating the structure of a web page. It consists of tags, and the web browser displays text, tables, lists, and other elements on the web page according to these tags. HTML is easier to learn compared to programming languages ​​like C, C++, and Java. Also, a programmer can easily create an HTML file using a text editor like notepad and run it in a web browser.

There are two main sections in an HTML page. They are the head section and the body section. The header section includes the title and metadata of the page, while the body section includes all the visible content of the web page. Additionally, HTML has tags to represent various elements such as paragraphs, headings, tables, and lists. There are several versions of HTML such as HTML 1, 2, etc. The latest version of HTML is HTML5.

What is HTML5

HTML5 is the new revision of HTML, replacing HTML 4.01, XHTML 1.0, and XHTML 1.1. It is a cooperation between the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Hypertext Applications Technology Working Group (WHATWG). HTML5 is supported by all web browsers such as Firefox, Chrome, Safari and Opera. Additionally, the pre-installed mobile web browsers on iPhones, iPads, and Androids also have excellent support for HTML5.

HTML5 features

HTML 5 provides a number of new features. Some of them are the following.

Forms 2.0 – Improved HTML web forms. There are new attributes forlabel.

WebSocket – Provide two-way communication technology for web application.

Canvas – Supports two-dimensional drawing surfaces for programming with JavaScript.

Drag and Drop – Allows you to drag and drop items from one location to another location on the same web page.

Video and Audio – Allows you to embed video and audio on the web page without using third-party plugins.

Geolocation – Allows new visitors to share their location with the web application.

Relationship between HTML and HTML5

  • HTML5 is the latest version of HTML.

Difference between HTML and HTML5

Definition

HTML is the main markup language used to display web pages on the Internet. HTML 5 is a major revision of HTML for describing the content and appearance of web pages. Thus, this is the fundamental difference between HTML and HTML5.

Version

Also, HTML is an old version while HTML5 is a new version.

Browsers

Another difference between them is that HTML works fine in old browsers while HTML5 works fine in newer browsers and is also compatible with older browsers.

Type

Also, HTML is less verbose while HTML5 is more verbose.

Vector Graphics

Vector graphics is another difference between them. HTML supports vector graphics using other technologies or plugins. However, vector graphics are an integral part of HTML5.

Multimedia

It is difficult to include and handle multimedia in HTML. However, it is easy to include and handle multimedia (audio, video, etc.) in HTML5. Therefore, the use of multimedia is an important difference between them.

Offline storage support

Also, offline storage support attributes to another difference between them. Offline storage support is not good in HTML, while HTML5 supports offline storage very well.

Support for web sockets

Web sockets are not available in HTML. However, web sockets are available in HTML5 and provide full duplex communication. This is another difference between them.

Geolocation

Also, HTML doesn’t support geolocation, but HTML5 does.

Conclusion

In short, HTML is a standard markup language for creating web pages and applications, while HTML 5 is a markup language that is a newer version of HTML that is used to structure and present content on the World Wide Web (WWW) . This is the main difference between them.

Reference:

1. “HTML Overview.” Www.tutorialspoint.com, available here.
2. “HTML5 Overview.” Www.tutorialspoint.com, available here.

Courtesy image:

1. “154434” (CC0) via Pixabay
2. “HTML5 logo and markup” By W3C (CC BY 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia

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