Difference Between Hyperopia and Myopia

Myopia, also known as “short vision” and hyperopia, also popularly known as hyperopia, are the two most common ophthalmological conditions.

Contrary to popular belief, none of these problems are due to watching too much TV, playing too many video games, or reading in the dark. In fact, you are born with these conditions. They occur because the globes or the eye lenses do not develop in the correct way; that is, they do not have the shape that they should have. This results in light not entering the retina properly.

In addition to the aforementioned about these two problems, there are other details that make the difference between one and the other. If you have doubts about it or are simply looking for a little information to complement what you already know, keep reading, because below we will explain what the difference between myopia and hyperopia is.

MYOPIA  Difference Between Hyperopia and Myopia

As its name implies, myopia or short vision is a condition characterized by the difficulty in being able to see things that are not at a very close distance; that is, what is at a certain distance from the person is seen in a blurry way.

This problem occurs because the cornea is so elongated that it prevents incoming light from being able to focus directly on the retina. It is also a hereditary disorder; This means that the chances of suffering from it increase if one or both parents also have this condition.

Despite its hereditary characteristics, some environmental factors could also play an important role in the development of myopia. For example, spending too much time indoors when you are still young, not having enough contact with sunlight, and spending too much time doing tasks that require you to look closely. Similarly, factors such as sex, race, age and even the biological clock could have an impact on the development of this condition; although it is good to clarify that in this sense everything is speculative, since there is not enough data to establish a correlation; much less to determine a specific cause.


On the other hand, hyperopia is a condition that can be said to be the opposite of myopia. It is difficult for the person presenting it to see nearby objects, since they appear blurry; however, you can see very well those that are at some distance.

The reason this happens is that the eyeball is very small, causing incoming light to focus behind the retina.

Finally, there are many reasons why farsightedness develops; the main one is that from birth the person has a small eyeball. In some cases, as the child grows and the balloon lengthens, this condition corrects itself. Also, diabetes and problems with the blood vessels in the retina may cause hyperopia.

In both cases, the most common treatment is the use of glasses .

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