What is the Difference Between Information Security and Cyber Security? with Proper Definition and Brief Explanation

There is a clear difference between information security and cyber security, although these two words are used interchangeably. Information security refers to the protection of physical and digital data from unauthorized use, access and modification. Cyber ​​security refers to the protection of digital data against unauthorized use, access and modification. Both practices consider the value of data. In other words, information security protects data from illegal access of any kind, while cyber security protects data from illegal digital access. In short, cyber security is a subset of information security.

Key Areas Covered

1. What is information security?
     – Definition, Functionality
2. What is cyber security?
     – Definition, Functionality
3. What is the relationship between them?
     – Association scheme
4. What is the difference between them?
     – Comparison of key differences

Key terms

Cyber ​​Security, Data Security, Information Security, Malware

What is information security?

Information security is also known as data security . Protect business records, personal data or intellectual property. Information can be held in multiple places and accessed in many ways. Information is stored on documents, removable drives, laptops, servers, personal devices, and other hosting devices. This information is valuable to individual users as well as the entire business organization. Therefore, they must be kept safe. The process of protecting information is called information security.

What is cyber security?

Cyber ​​security refers to taking the necessary measures to protect digital information that can be accessed through vulnerabilities in the network or other systems. Cyber ​​attacks, distribution of software infected with malware, etc. They are information threats. Cyber ​​security prevents these attacks.

Cyber ​​security professionals handle two types of tasks. They perform investigative tasks such as performing forensic analysis, data recovery, and security metric reporting. They also protect data from malware attacks and develop new malware signatures. They use firewalls and intrusion protection systems to protect data.


  • Cyber ​​security is a subset of information security.

Key Differences


Information security is the process of ensuring that data, both physical and digital, is protected from unauthorized use, access, interruption, inspection, and modification. Cybersecurity is the process of ensuring that computer data is defended from unauthorized digital attack, access, or damage by implementing various processes, practices, and technologies. Therefore, the basic difference between them from the form of data or information that they protect.


An important difference between them is that information security focuses on protecting data from any kind of illegal access while the other one focuses on protecting data from digital access. Not authorized.


While information security applies to physical and digital information, cyber security applies to digital information.


Information security protects information from unauthorized access, disclosure, use, modification, interruption or destruction. Cyber ​​security protects information from cyber crime, cyber fraud and law enforcement.

Main Focus

Also, information security focuses on information assets such as integrity, confidentiality, and availability while cyber security focuses on protecting social media accounts and personal details.

Professional Task

Information security professionals find strategies, policies, solutions and perform risk management. Cyber ​​security professionals perform data recovery, report security metrics, and install anti-malware software.


1.”Cybercrime and Cybersecurity.” Www.tutorialspoint.com, Tutorials Point, available here.
2. “What is cybersecurity? – Definition of WhatIs.com. “SearchSecurity, available here.

Courtesy image:

1. “1944688” (CC0) via Pixabay

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