Difference Between Intelligence and Talent

People often say to others as a form of compliment, “You are smart” or “You are talented” and many times they use these two terms interchangeably, because they do not know what the difference is between the two. In spite of everything, both intelligence and talent have a certain relationship with each other; For this reason, below we will see what are the characteristics that differentiate one thing from the other.

INTELLIGENCE  Difference Between Intelligence and Talent

According to most dictionaries, intelligence is: the capacity for learning, understanding and the mental aptitude to grasp truths, relationships, facts, meanings. It is also said to be the manifestation of a high mental capacity and the faculty of understanding.

Intelligence can help in academic studies, because it allows to obtain a good understanding and a good reasoning; which can lead us to further learning. This ability is widely studied in humans, but studies have also been conducted in plants and animals.

Basically, intelligence (the word comes from the Latin ” intellegentĭa “)  is the ability  to quickly and accurately learn or understand information. It is said that no one is born intelligent, but that one from childhood has to work to improve their skills. But many psychologists get into controversy over this last point, since some argue that intelligence is predetermined by genes and others say that it is not genetic; rather, it is given by the environment in which the individual develops; However, in recent years, most specialists affirm that both genetics and the environment play an important role in the development of people’s intelligence.

There are many theories about it and many psychologists, psychiatrists and neurologists have presented their work on this topic. Howard Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligences is well known , as is Daniel Goleman’s work Emotional Intelligence .

Various tests have also been created that seek to measure the intelligence of human beings, but these, as new theories have emerged on this subject, have lost much of their credibility.


Talent can be defined as a special ability or an aptitude that arises naturally. It is an ability to do or achieve something, for example: the talent to draw .

Talent is related to intelligence in the sense that it emerges from it. If a person does not have any intelligence, he cannot be capable of having a talent. It is said that talent is born.

Certainly, even if a person was not born with a particular talent; Yes, it can be cultivated and improved with practice, but it is very difficult to match someone who has the talent to do the same thing.

Key differences between intelligence and talent

  • Talent is considered as a natural ability or aptitude with which a person is born, however, most studies point out that both the genetic and the environmental intervene in intelligence.
  • Talent is the ability to do or achieve something, while intelligence is the ability to understand, understand, assimilate and process information that can be used to solve problems quickly.

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