Difference between Mineral and Synthetic gear oil

The main difference between these two lubricants is that mineral oil is obtained naturally: from the distillation of petroleum. On the other hand, synthetic oil is obtained artificially thanks to chemical processes. But, there are many more details that distinguish these two types of fats that you may not know. Read on and discover the main differences between synthetic and mineral oil. Difference between Mineral and Synthetic gear oil

Mineral oil is obtained naturally. On the other hand, to obtain synthetic oil, chemical and artificial processes are necessary.

Mineral oil vs Synthetic oil  

Mineral and synthetic oils are two great types of oils that have their marked differences.

  • The obtaining process is the main difference. Mineral oil is obtained from the distillation of crude; while synthetic oil is the product of chemical processes developed in laboratories.
  • On the other hand, the price of mineral oil is lower than that of synthetic oil.
  • It should also be noted that the durability of synthetic oil is much greater than that of mineral.
  • Mineral oil is used mostly for classic engines; while the synthetic is of universal use.
  • Lastly, mineral oil is not recommended for high temperatures; while synthetic oil works for high and low temperatures.

What is mineral oil? Difference between Mineral and Synthetic gear oil

Mineral oil is called the subset of the distillation of crude oil. However, mineral oil is an odorless and transparent liquid, widely used as an ingredient in the production of cosmetics, personal care products, and in the world of engines.

This highly refined and purified petroleum-derived oil is used to manufacture baby lotions, creams, and other ointments intended to treat the skin. Thanks to the mineral oils it is possible to reduce the loss of water in these creams and thus be able to keep it moisturized.

However, it should be mentioned that mineral oil is a product made in large quantities due to its low price. For this reason, it is not only used in the beauty and personal care industries. Its use is very varied, and it also extends to engines, being used as a lubricant for vehicles such as cars and motorcycles.

Main characteristics of mineral oil

As we had mentioned previously, the main characteristic of this type of oil is its odorless and transparent state. On the other hand, it can also be said that it is similar to petroleum jelly.

Now, when it comes to mineral oil as a lubricant, it has certain characteristics. For example, having a high viscosity index, withstanding various working conditions, being able to retain moisture, being able to mix properly with the refrigerant, and lubricating without inconvenience at high temperatures.

Finally, it should also be noted that there are three types of mineral oil: paraffinic, naphthenic and aromatic oils.

What is synthetic oil?

Synthetic oil, as its name implies, is a type of oil obtained solely by synthesis in the laboratory instead of being a product extracted from petroleum, as is the case with mineral oil.

Synthetic oils characteristics Difference between Mineral and Synthetic gear oil

The production of synthetic oils has a high production cost. These types of lubricants are mainly intended for the lubrication of engines and machines.

Also this type of greases have a good performance due to their viscosity, which makes them ideal for working at high and low temperatures.

On the other hand, synthetic oils are highly durable, also showing very good chemical stability over time. Similarly, it should be mentioned that they efficiently resist oxidation and thermal damage. In addition, they protect engine parts during work.

Finally, it is important to note that synthetic oils also reduce the loss of liquid during the evaporation process, since even under these conditions, they maintain consistency.

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