Difference Between Monarchy and Republic

There are different forms of government, each with its own particular characteristics. There are some guys who are more bad than others and some are currently on the verge of disappearing. Difference Between Monarchy and Republic

Among the forms that we know best are the republic and the monarchy . What type of government is there in your country? Monarchy or republic? If you do not know what to answer because you do not understand the difference between the two systems, continue reading below so that you understand what distinguishes them.

REPUBLIC  Difference Between Monarchy and Republic

The republic is a standard form of government . It is based on the principle that there should be no monarch and that the people who make up the state should be able to choose their own representative.

Machiavelli helped define the concept of republic through his work and also argued that this was a better form of government compared to the others.

In this system, people can choose someone who represents their interests. People have rights and they are not simply held under one authority. To ensure the rights of citizens, the laws established in the Constitution are followed.

As there are no monarchs in the republics, the head of state receives the title of President. If this is also the head of government, the system is known as the presidential system. It is important to have this detail very clear, because within the republic there are different ways of governing. In some States, the main political role is not exercised by the President; but by the Legislative Assembly. In these cases the presidential role is purely ceremonial. These states are known as parliamentary republics and operate in a similar way to parliamentary monarchies where the power of the President is quite restricted.

In parliamentary systems, the prime minister is the head of government and has the highest authority.


A monarchy is a form of government in which power is primarily exercised by an individual ruler or monarch. It is a political system based on inheritance (the monarch’s relatives succeed him), in which people are not authorized to cast votes.

The crown is passed down from one generation to another. The word  monarch derives from the Greek word monarkhēs which means ” who rules alone “.

In the monarchy, it is necessary to be part of the royal family to be able to aspire to the throne. For example, the monarch’s children meet in line to receive title and power.

Monarchs also use other titles such as king – queen, emperor – empress, duke or duchess. E l title is held for life or until abdication.

The monarch makes all the decisions for the entire state and the people . Not all citizens are treated the same before the law, some people have a higher preference depending on their rank Citizens can obtain privileges, rights and freedoms depending on the inclinations of the monarch.

There are different types of monarchies: constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy, absolute monarchy and hybrid monarchy (between absolute and constitutional).

Key differences between republic and monarchy

  • The republic is a form of government in which people or their representatives have the supreme power, while the monarchy is a form of government in which power is usually restricted to a particular individual (the monarch, king, emperor).
  • In the monarchy, power is received by inheritance (the most direct relatives of the monarch succeed him), while in the republic it is the people who vote to elect their representative.
  • In the republic there is equality regarding the legal treatment of citizens, while in the monarchy the legal treatment can be determined by the rank one has.
  • Examples of republics: France, Russia, Mexico, United States, Dominican Republic.
  • Examples of monarchies: United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates.

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