Difference Between State and Nation

More often than anyone would believe the words “state” and “nation” are used interchangeably, that is, as if they were synonymous. However, despite the relationship that may exist between these two concepts, it is important to note that they refer to different things. Difference Between State and Nation

If you also have doubts about what is the difference between nation and state, or just want a little more complementary information about it; Keep reading, because below we give you the definition of both terms and we tell you why they are different in terms of their meaning.

NATION  Difference Between State and Nation

nation can be defined as a group of people who are linked to each other because they share the same geographic space, beliefs, traditions, values, language, culture, religion and history. Likewise, it is defined as a political-cultural entity that is distinguished from the others by its unique character and collective rights.

When its etymology is searched, it is discovered that the term nation derives from the Latin “natio”, which means something like “settlement of people.”

A nation is usually made up of several states, in some cases the latter are governed by their own rules; but in others they obey a central government. Each nation has its own constitution, therefore it also possesses sovereignty.


On the other hand, a state can be defined as a portion of land or territory with a sovereign government. In this case, it is a political-judicial entity that is identified by its sovereign rights.

As for the etymology of this term, it derives from the Latin word “status” which could be translated as “condition”.

Several states can constitute a nation, but generally each one functions as a separate political entity. However, although each state has its own rules and may add new ones over time; somehow it has to be in compliance with national laws.

Finally, states cannot create laws that are contrary to the nation to which they belong and, although they have their own laws, they do not have a particular constitution.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Back to top button