Difference Between Theory and Research with Proper Definition and Brief Explanation

Theory vs research

Although theory and research are inseparable terms in the field of education, there is a difference between them. Both theory and research are concepts used in almost all fields of study. Theory is a generalized thought or a conclusion of something that is the result of an analysis. The theory could be defined as the end result of an analysis. Furthermore, theories generally answer questions and there is a possibility that they will be accepted at once, as well as being rejected at later periods, and vice versa. Research, on the other hand, is a way that is used to create new knowledge. It is a methodology that is practiced systematically and that increases the awareness of human beings, society, culture and nature.

What is the theory?

The theory can be defined as the Generalized thinking or the conclusion of something, which is the result of an analysis. . Theories are always scientifically proven with evidence. Both social scientists and physicists are engaged in theorizing knowledge, which helps humans understand things clearly. The theory is different from a hypothesis. The hypothesis is simply an idea or a concept, which is not scientifically analyzed. These are the assumptions made by scientists before an investigation. However, once the hypotheses are analyzed and shown to be correct, they are recognized as theories. But not all hypotheses become theories. Additionally, a theory can be used as a tool to understand, explain, and make predictions about a concept. Theories tell us and explain what something is. However, theories are only a conceptual framework. There is no practical aspect included in them.

What is research?

Research is a way to expand the existing knowledge base and create new knowledge. . This is creative work that is done in a systematic way to increase the stock of knowledge of human beings and also to use this knowledge to create new applications. Usually an investigation is preceded by a hypothesis.. When a problem arises, scientists generally make a hypothesis about the problem. Then, they apply various research methodologies to find out if the hypothesis is correct or not. If the investigation is positive, there is a chance that the hypothesis will become a theory. Or, the scientists would have to make new assumptions and continue the research. There are several types of research as well. Scientific, humanistic, economic, social, business, etc. are some of the research fields. In general, research can be identified as one of the main and basic requirements of the fields of study, as it generates new knowledge. Any investigation could be repeated and it should be scientific as well.

What is the difference between theory and research?

Definition of theory and research

• The theory is a generalized concept that provides an explanation to existing things.

• Research is a way to expand the existing knowledge base and create new knowledge.


• The theory is a conceptual framework. The theory is used to explain things.

• Research is creative work that generates new knowledge.

Practical nature

• The theory does not include practical elements.

• Research is primarily a practical approach.


• Theory is usually a result of research. A theory is assumed after a series of investigations.

• Research usually precedes theories. Based on the results of the research, a theory is made.

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