Every culture has a series of elements that people use to create, sustain and change their way of life, these elements include cognitive aspects, beliefs, values, norms, language, symbols and forms of behavior normative; but in this case we will focus on analyzing and differentiating (given their similarity) two of these elements: values and norms. Difference Between Values and Norms
THE VALUES Difference Between Values and Norms
They are feelings rooted in individuals, which generally indicate their action and behavior patterns. It can be said then, that the values are judgments of desirability or acceptability, or of rejection about what is good, bad, desirable or undesirable.
They transcend any particular situation and change as do circumstances and facts, therefore they do not apply in all situations. There are always exceptions; For example, preserving virginity in women was seen as a value to consummate marriage, since the last decades, this value has been modified.
Values are the ideals to which people aspire, both individually and in their relationships. There are different types of cultural values: moral, aesthetic, justice.
An example of value is hospitality.
Values cannot be manifested without rules of conduct that frame them. That is to say, the norms are specific guidelines for action, generally accepted rules of collective conduct, which have degrees of obligation. Like values, norms can also vary greatly from one society to another and also from one group to another, within the same society.
The rules, when they are explicit in laws and regulations, deserve to be complied with and when they are violated; a sanction is expected. Most of the time, people more or less automatically follow the rules.
An example of the norm is to be dressed formally to most job interviews.
Key differences between norms and values
- Norms are the rules that govern behavior in particular contexts, while values are the broad and internal standards against which we evaluate behaviors.