What is the difference between RDBMS and OODBMS?

The main difference between RDBMS and OODBMS is that the RDBMS is a database management system that is based on the relational model while the OODBMS is a database management system that supports creating and modeling data as objects..

RDBMS is a type of database management system that stores data in the form of related tables. It establishes a well-defined relationship between the database tables. The programmer can use Structured Query Language (SQL) to manage the data in the RDBMS. On the other hand, OODBMS is a database management system that represents data in the form of objects, similar to object-oriented programming. It provides more consistency between the database and the programming language.

Key Areas Covered

1. What is RDBMS?
     – Definition, Functionality
2. What is OODBMS?
     – Definition, Functionality
3. What is the difference between RDBMS and OODBMS?
     – Comparison of key differences

What is RDBMS?

A DBMS is software or a computer program that can be used to create and manage databases. It was introduced in 1960. RDBMS is an advanced type of DBMS that was introduced in the 1970s. It is based on the relational model. It helps to store and manage data more efficiently. Tables in RDBMS are related to each other using various constraints. Tables are also called entities. A row represents a single entry, while a column represents an attribute.

There are multiple advantages of using RDBMS. Normalization, the process of removing data anomalies to make the database consistent, can be done in RDBMS. Reduce data redundancy. In addition, it can also perform transitions and maintain properties such as data atomicity, isolation, and durability. Also, multiple users can access and work on the data at the same time. Another important point is that RDBMS provides data protection against unauthorized access. It is possible to create user accounts with different access permissions to protect data.

What is OODBMS?

OODBMS is a database management system that combines the capabilities of the database with the capabilities of the object-oriented programming language. The programmer can use object-oriented concepts like inheritance, polymorphism, encapsulation, and database capabilities like atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability in OODBMS. These databases provide advantages such as systems extensibility, code reuse, and maintainability.

OODBMS works well with object-oriented programming languages ​​such as Python, JavaScript, Perl, Ruby, Java, C#, Visual Basic, and C++. They use the same model as object-oriented programming languages. With the development of web-based technologies, most of the business organizations use OODBMS to represent their complex data. Since it represents data as objects, it is beneficial for organizations that use computer-aided design (CAD) and use multimedia technologies.  

Difference Between RDBMS and OODBMS

Definition

RDBMS is a database management system that is based on the relational model introduced by EF Codd. OODBMS is a database management system in which data is represented in the form of objects as used in object-oriented programming.

Base

The basic difference between RDBMS and OODBMS is that RDBMS is table oriented while OODBMS is object oriented.

Long way

RDBMS stands for Relational Database Management System while OODBMS stands for Object Oriented Database Management System. It is also called ODBMS or Object Database Management System.

Data

Another difference between RDBMS and OODBMS is that OODBMS handles larger and more complex data than RDBMS.

Complexity

Also, RDBMS is simple as it stores data in tables (columns and rows). The data structure is complex in OODBMS due to the involvement of different data types.

data redundancy

Normalization is used to eliminate data redundancy in RDBMS. Whereas, OODBMS uses inheritance and encapsulation to reduce data redundancy. Therefore, this is also an important difference between RDBMS and OODBMS.

examples

MSSQL, MySQL and Oracle are some examples for RDBMS. Versant Object Database, Objectivity/DB, ObjectStore, Cache and ZODB are some examples for OODBMS.

conclusion

The difference between RDBMS and OODBMS is that RDBMS is a database management system that is based on the relational model, while OODBMS is a database management system that supports creating and modeling data as objects. In short, RDBMS uses relational model while OODBMS uses object-oriented model.

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