What is the difference between Spark and Scala?

The main difference between Spark and Scala is that the Apache Spark is a cluster computing framework designed for fast Hadoop computing while Scala is a general-purpose programming language that supports object-oriented and functional programming

Apache Spark is an open source framework for running large-scale data analytics applications on clustered computers. It can handle both real-time and batch analytics and data processing workloads. On the other hand, Scala is a programming language. It compiles and runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Scala improves productivity, application scalability, and reliability. In short, Scala is considered as the main language to interact with the Spark Core engine.

Key Areas Covered

1. What is Spark
     – Definition, Functionality
2. What is Scala
     – Definition, Functionality
3. What is the relationship between Spark and Scala?
     – Association scheme
4. What is the difference between Spark and Scala?
     – Comparison of key differences

what is the spark

Spark was introduced by the Apache Software Foundation to augment the Hadoop compute process. It consists of in-memory cluster computing to increase the processing speed of an application. Spark is based on Hadoop MapReduce, and extends the MapReduce model to perform multiple computations. It also includes interactive queries.

Spark provides multiple benefits. It allows running an application on the Hadoop cluster much faster than running in memory and on disk. It also reduces the number of read and write operations on the disk. Supports various programming languages. It has built-in APIs in Java, Python, Scala so that the programmer can write the application in different languages. In addition, it provides support for streaming data, graphs, and machine learning algorithms to perform advanced data analysis.

what is scale

Scala is a functional hybrid programming language. It has features of object-oriented programming and functional programming. As an object-oriented programming language, it considers each value as an object. Subclasses can extend classes. On the other hand, there is mixture of base composition for inheritance. As a functional programming language, it defines anonymous functions, supports higher-order functions, and nested functions.

Scala is statically typed. The programmer does not need to specify a type in most cases. As in Java, Scala’s source code is converted to bytecode, and this bytecode is executed by the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is easier for a programmer to switch from Java to Scala and vice versa. Scala can run Java code. Allows the use of Java SDK classes and custom Java classes. Furthermore, Scala supports simultaneous and synchronized processing.

Relationship between Spark and Scala

  • Scala can be used to analyze data with Spark.
  • In other words, Scala is a language that is used to write Spark.

Difference between Spark and Scala


Spark is an open source distributed general-purpose cluster computing framework. Scala is a general purpose programming language that provides support for functional programming and a strong static type system. Thus, this is the fundamental difference between Spark and S


Spark is used to augment Hadoop’s computational process. Scala can be used for web applications, data streaming, distributed applications, and parallel processing. Therefore, this is also an important difference between Spark and Scala.


The difference between Spark and Scala is that Apache Spark is a cluster computing framework, designed for fast Hadoop computing, while Scala is a general-purpose programming language that supports object-oriented and functional programming.

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