What’s the difference btw static and dynamic IP address?

The main difference between static and dynamic IP address is that the static IP address is a fixed address assigned to a device manually by a network administrator while the dynamic IP address is an address assigned to a device automatically by a DHCP server. What’s the difference btw static and dynamic IP address?

A computer network consists of various devices such as desktops, laptops, servers, routers, and switches to share data and resources. These devices connect to each other through a wired or wireless medium. Every device on the network has an address to recognize it. Therefore, this address is called an IP address, which stands for Internet Protocol Address. The IP address helps devices on the network communicate with each other. Also, there are two types of IP addresses. Namely, they are static IP addresses and dynamic IP addresses. A static IP address is a permanent address assigned to a device, while a dynamic address is a temporary address that changes frequently.

Key Areas Covered

1. What is a static IP address?
     – Definition, Functionality
2. What is a dynamic IP address?
     – Definition, Functionality
3. What is the difference between static and dynamic IP addresses?
     – Comparison of key differences

What is a static IP address? What’s the difference btw static and dynamic IP address?

Static IP address is a fixed IP address assigned to the device manually. It was the original method of assigning IP addresses to devices on the network. Here, for each computer, the network administrator needs to open the network configuration page and manually type the IP address. In addition, the administrator must also include details such as the subnet mask and default gateway. In addition, this process had to be followed on all devices on the network. Therefore, it is difficult to assign static IP addresses when there are a large number of devices on the network.

However, the static IP address is not changed until manually changed by your network administrator or Internet Service Provider (ISP). Also, this address does not change each time the user connects to the network. In other words, the device always uses the same IP address to connect to the Internet. Therefore, static IP addressing provides multiple benefits. Gives minimal downtime while providing remote access. Also, the user can access the device from any location.

What is a dynamic IP address?

A dynamic IP address is an address obtained from a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server. Assign a device with a dynamic IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, and a DNS server. On a Microsoft computer, selecting the “Obtain an IP address automatically” option in the network properties window will configure the device to obtain an IP address dynamically.

The dynamic IP address changes frequently. Every time the device connects to the network, the dynamic IP address changes. When the device tries to connect to the network, the DHCP server provides a dynamic address. When the user types a URL in the web browser, the DNS server maps the domain name to the IP address. In general, dynamic IP addressing is automatic and makes it easier to manage a network.

Difference Between Static IP Address and Dynamic IP Address

Definition What’s the difference btw static and dynamic IP address?

Static IP address or Static Internet Protocol address is a permanent numeric address manually assigned to a device on the network. Dynamic IP address or Dynamic Internet Protocol address is a temporary IP address that is assigned to a device or node when it is connected to a network. Thus, this is the main difference between static and dynamic IP address.

assigned by

Another difference between static and dynamic IP address is that the static IP address is manually assigned by the network administrator while the dynamic IP address is automatically assigned by the DHCP server.

Changes

The static IP address does not change once it is assigned to a device. However, the dynamic IP address changes each time the device connects to the network. Therefore, this is also a big difference between static and dynamic IP address.

Security What’s the difference btw static and dynamic IP address?

Also, static IP address is less secure while dynamic IP address is more secure.

Manageability

Also, assigning static IP addresses is difficult. But, assigning dynamic IP addresses is easier.

Use What’s the difference btw static and dynamic IP address?

In terms of usage, static IP addresses are suitable for dedicated services, such as mail servers, FTP, and VPNs. Whereas, dynamic IP addresses are suitable for a large network that requires Internet access to all devices.

conclusion

The IP address helps devices on the network to communicate with other devices. Static and dynamic are two types of IP addresses. The basic difference between static and dynamic IP address is that static IP address is a fixed address assigned to a device manually by a network administrator while a dynamic IP address is an address assigned to a device automatically by a DHCP server. .

Reference: What’s the difference btw static and dynamic IP address?

1. DHCP – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Explained, PowerCert Animated Videos, May 1, 2017, Available here.

Courtesy image:

1. “IPv4 address” by Undetermined – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia

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