Consanguinity and affinity are two terms widely used daily for legal and social purposes, where they are almost always placed in the same category. But, in reality, everything and that they are closely related, are two terms with different meanings.
Being both of vital importance in the legal sphere, in addition to each having a specific connotation. So in this order of ideas we will explain each one to you in a concise and direct way so that you can handle them better. Consanguinity and Affinity with difference
Consanguinity vs affinity: main differences
- Consanguinity is by blood (genes), that is, it is the relationship that exists between the descendants of the same trunk (grandparents, parents and children). Affinity is only given by law, being a “political” relationship (in-laws, sons-in-law and daughters-in-law).
- In the case of affinity, it only exists on a legal and economic level (as in marriage). But the consanguinity to the natural being is inherited, and has repercussions in the legal, social and economic plane.
- The relationship by consanguinity is life-long (it does not expire), on the other hand, the affinity being a legal condition ceases to exist once the legal bond is dissolved, such as, for example; The divorce.
What is consanguinity? Consanguinity and Affinity with difference
The degrees of consanguinity make direct reference to the members of a family who share the same genetic origin, that is, they are related by blood. Being a descendant of a common trunk.
This is the bond between grandparents, parents and children. So it can be understood as “blood ties”. In the legal field, the degree of consanguinity is of vital importance in matters of inheritance and guardianship.
On the other hand, we must take into account that they also play an important role in the workplace, especially when a family member dies. Since depending on the degree of consanguinity of the same you will be given a certain number of days of leave.
In these terms, you could conclude that consanguinity grants a legal status to the individual in front of society, and in the same way to their relatives. In this way, its vital importance for the proper functioning of existing laws and rights is known.
What is affinity?
When we refer to affinity, we are pointing directly to the “political” kinship that exists between two people through the intermediary of a relative. For example, the relationship between in-laws and sons-in-law (affinity) is given thanks to marriage.
Therefore, we can say that affinity depends directly on consanguinity, being a type of indirect and legal relationship. Although in the same way it continues to be of great importance both on a social and legal level.
Although the degree of consanguinity determined more specific social and labor benefits, there is no doubt that some also enter here. Starting with work permits, which are granted to a lesser extent (only for the spouse).
In the case of social security, the figure of the wife / husband plays a primary role in the granting of health insurance and others. Companies usually give them to close relatives (parents and children) and by first degree affinity to wives.
It is also important for claiming pensions (especially after the death of the spouses). But one of its great differences with respect to consanguinity is precisely that the degrees of affinity are merely legal.