Difference Between Geography and Demography

Human beings have always felt the need to measure and understand everything around us, we are not satisfied with such s or so accept reality; rather, we seek an order in things. But among all the things that the different branches of knowledge seek to explain, without a doubt, what most attracts most of us are those that are related to our species and the planet we inhabit. Difference Between Geography and Demography

There are two sciences that are in charge, one of describing the planet we live on and the other of studying human populations. It is about Geography and Demography respectively.

While it is true that both can help each, it is also important to understand their characteristics that differentiate them .

GEOGRAPHY  Difference Between Geography and Demography

The word Geography comes from the Greek ‘geo’ <earth> and ‘graphein’ <draw>. It is the science in charge of the graphic representation of this planet: the Earth. Study the territories, places and the land surface, that is, the entire territorial structure.

Geography began to develop from ancient Greece, where Erat or stenes one of the first ge or graphs; or at least one of the m to s recognized; whose work (except a few) were lost when the Library of Alexandria í to was burned.

Today, Geography is divided into many branches and is also complemented by other sciences; since now it is not only limited to studying the structure or representation of terrestrial space; It also studies various phenomena, establishing relationships between them and the locations in which they occur.

C studies or how climate change, natural phenomena and various historical events that cut across human societies contribute to geographical changes.


On the other hand, the word Demography comes from the Greek ‘demos’ <village> and ‘spelling’ which means <drawing>, <trace> and also <description>. Unlike Geography, Demography does not focus on the territory and the graphic representation of the Earth; but in the study of the human populations that inhabit it.

It makes use of Statistics to analyze the evolution and changes that occur in populations, as well as the factors that intervene in these changes.

Dem or graphs work with surveys to measure the quality of life of each population, the literacy rate, mortality and the phenomenon of migration and emegraci or n.

Ibn Khaldun is considered  the father of Demography.

In the like geography, ésta divides into several branches and its importance is that through their studies can create schedules to improve the quality of life of people.

Key differences between Geography and  Demography

  • Geography focuses its study on the territory and representation of the Earth, while Demography focuses on the study of human populations.

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