Difference Between North and South pole

The North and South poles are known as the extreme points of the Earth. These are found in the polar regions. The North Pole occupies the Arctic region, as it is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean, surrounded by continents. On the other hand, the South Pole is part of the Antarctic continent, surrounded by oceans. Both the North and South poles have certain similarities to each other; but there are also factors that differentiate them. Difference Between North and South pole

NORTH POLE  Difference Between North and South pole

It is located at the northernmost point on the Earth’s axis. It is a floating ice sheet, without land mass and is part of the region known as the Arctic region. This same region includes several islands such as Greenland,  Spitsbergen , Francisco José Land, Sévernaya Zemlyá Islands , Wrangel Island, Bank Island, Victoria Island, Ellesmere Island and others that make up the borders of countries such as Russia, Canada and places like Alaska.

The Arctic Ocean (which surrounds the North Pole) is surrounded by continents. In this region are the glaciers from which icebergs break off in certain seasons. This area has its own natural fauna and flora. Similarly, there are also ethnic groups of people.


It is located on the southern axis of the Earth. Basically it is a large continental mass called Antarctica, which is covered with a huge ice barrier. One of the most surprising things about this area is that its glaciations are almost complete. This frozen region has huge mountains of ice and the temperature in summer is usually  -25 ° C (the South Pole is colder than the North Pole).

Although there have been several explorations and for some time the explorers have remained there, this continent is almost deserted . The structure of Antarctica consists of an immense network of ice fields interconnected to the valleys of the high peaks. The existence of flowers and fauna is very inferior compared to the North Pole.

The Arctic region was discovered before Antarctica. Today the latter is a continent covered by a massive ice sheet that has a land mass underneath. On the other hand, the North Pole is a frozen ocean and surrounded by land.

Key difference 

  • The ice sheets at the South Pole are thicker than at the North Pole.
  • The South Pole is colder than the North Pole.
  • The Arctic region is inhabited, but Antarctica is a practically deserted area.
  • The fauna and flora is more abundant at the North Pole than at the South Pole.
  • At the South Pole there are penguins, while at the North Pole there are polar bears.

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