Difference between Objective and Abstract

When human beings seek to achieve precise knowledge to understand various phenomena or immediate reality, it is necessary to resort to methods that guide us until we reach our goal. But as different human beings that we are, we can often get to interpret the same reality in different ways; according to our perceptions, our way of reasoning. Both in Philosophy and in the various fields of science, when conducting any research, we are probably faced with two concepts that are important to differentiate: objectivity and abstraction.  Difference between Objective and Abstract

OBJECTIVITY  Difference between Objective and Abstract

The postulate of objectivity means that when establishing the relationship of knowledge, the studied phenomena are considered as opposed to the knowing subject, as well as that they exist in reality; that is, as things that are not simple ideological products or mere facts of conscience, but have a real material existence. That is, the facts are expressed as they are, regardless of ideology , tastes or personal evaluations. 

Structure

Abstract is often expected to tell a complete story of the paper, as for most readers, abstract is the only part of the paper that will be read. It should allow the reader to give an Elevator pitch of the full paper.[12]

An academic abstract typically outlines four elements relevant to the completed work:

  1. The research focus (statement of the problem(s)/specific gap in existing research/research issue(s) addressed);
  2. The research methods (experimental research, case studies, questionnaires, etc) used to solve the problem;
  3. The major results/findings of the research; and
  4. The main conclusions and recommendations (i.e., how the work answers the proposed research problem).

ABSTRACTION

On the other hand, abstraction is the operation by which a phenomenon or thing is described, retaining its fundamental or essential characters, regardless of those that are not and also, the logical procedure by means of which a set of objects or characters of a type of them; we retain those that are common to them.

Through abstraction we eliminate what is not fundamentally important to know an object, we discover and highlight the necessary from the casual, the essential from the non-essential, the fundamental from the non-fundamental and the determinant of the determined.

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