What is the difference between break and continue in C++?

The main difference between pause and continue in C++ is that break is used to terminate the loop immediately and to pass control to the next statement after the loop, while continue is used to skip the current iteration of the loop.  

C++ is a high-level, general-purpose programming language. It is an advanced version of the C language. In other words, C++ is similar to C, but supports object-oriented programming and has other additional features. Furthermore, C++ is useful for writing efficient programs and is used to develop operating systems, device drivers, embedded systems, image processing applications, and for research. In programming, it is sometimes necessary to repeat the same set of instructions over and over again. Loops help to iterate a set of instructions multiple times. When executing a loop, it is sometimes necessary to skip statements within the loop or terminate the loop. Break and keep helping in these situations..

Key Areas Covered

1. What is break in C++
     – Definition, Functionality
2. What is continue in C++
     – Definition, Functionality
3. What is the difference between break and continue in C++
     – Comparison of key differences

Key terms

C++, continue, break, OOP

What is break in C++

The break keyword helps to terminate a loop immediately. When there is an interrupt statement while a loop is running, control passes to the next line after the loop. An example of a program is the following.

                                                    Figure 1: C++ program with break

According to the above program, for iteration cycles from 1 to 5. When the value ‘i’ becomes 4, the test condition becomes true. Therefore, the break statement is executed, and the loop ends. Since the loop ends when ‘i’ is 4, values ​​after 3 will not be printed. It will only print 1, 2 and 3. 

What is continue in C++

The continue keyword helps to skip the current iteration of the loop. See the following example program.

                                                   Figure 2: C++ program with continue

According to the above program, the loop iterates from 1 to 5. When ‘i’ is 1, the remainder after dividing by 2 is 1. Therefore, the condition becomes true. Therefore, the continue statement is executed, and the iteration proceeds to the next. But, when ‘i’ becomes 2. The reminder after dividing 2 by 2 is 0. So the condition is false and the continuation is not executed. Therefore, the value 2 prints. In the next iteration, ‘i’ is 3. Dividing 3 by 2 gives the remainder 1. Therefore, the condition is true. Therefore, continue executes and the iteration proceeds to the next. Then ‘i’ is 4 and this process occurs until ‘i’ is 5. If the remainder is 1, continue is executed, and the iteration jumps to the next. Therefore,

Difference between break and continue in C++

Definition

The break is a loop control structure that causes the loop to end and passes control of the program to the next statement following the loop. Continue is a loop control structure that causes the loop to jump to the next iteration of the loop immediately. Thus, this explains the main difference between break and continue in C++.

Use

Also, another difference between break and continue in C++ is that break helps to terminate the execution of the loop while continue helps to skip the statements inside the loop. 

conclusion

In short, break and continue are two keywords that help control the repetition of a set of instructions in a program. The main difference between break and continue in C++ is that break is used to terminate the loop immediately and pass control to the next statement after the loop, while continue is used to skip the current iteration of the loop. 

Reference:

1. “C Break Statement.” Www.tutorialspoint.com, available here.
2. “C Break Statement.” Www.tutorialspoint.com, available here.

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